ฺLife of Buddha
Outline : Buddhism Page1
Page 2 : Buddhist Practices
วันจันทร์ที่ 26 มีนาคม พ.ศ. 2555
รายชื่อกิริยาวลีและคำนิยาม Phrasal Verbs & Definitions (D-F)
3. Phrasal Verbs D-F(201-300)
To buy and sell a particular product.
deal … in
To bring in a new player in a card game.
To distribute something, e.g.
cards to players in a card game.
To do business with someone, e.g. I’ve been
him for the past several years.
To take appropriate measures to solve one’s problem, e.g. I’m on medication to
my depression problem.
To deal with a particular subject, e.g. The book
To select one thing from many, e.g. to
a wedding date.
To state publicly you support or oppose someone or something.
To agree or accept someone’s opinion or decision.
To take great pleasure in something.
To give or pass over something to someone.
To search for more evidence about someone or something.
To deviate from the normal or usual course of action.
To rely on others for their help and support.
deprive … of
To prevent someone from having something they want or need.
To reduce the worth or value of something so as to make it seem less impressive.
To have developed from something or to be related to someone who existed in the past.
To be able to feel or know when something descends on you, e.g. when
, it begins to get dark.
To pass by inheritance.
To behave in an unacceptable manner.
To underrate the value or importance of something.
To entrust responsibility, duties, etc. to someone at a lower level.
To entrust responsibility, duties, etc. to someone at a lower level.
To transfer property to someone when the owner dies.
To become weaker, less loud or strong, e.g. light, sound, or wind.
(Plant) to remain alive at the roots but dead above the ground.
To becomes less active, strong or loud.
To become extinct.
To become extinct
(Soldiers) to protect themselves by making a trench; to begin eating;
To mix fertilizer with soil by digging.
To make use of what one has, e.g. to
one’s energy or strength.
To unearth something from the ground.
To find something that one has been searching for, e.g. to
the photo one has been looking for.
To find something in the ground by digging.
To discover something after investigating or searching, e.g. to
information about someone.
To write or speak fully or in detail about something.
din … into
To firmly instil in someone’s mind by continuous repeating.
To eat a particular kind of food, especially expensive food.
To eat outside the home, e.g. at the restaurant.
dine out on
To entertain friends and others at meal by telling anecdotes
To put one’s hand into a bag, container, etc. in order to take something out.
To have to use something that one has such as one’s savings.
(Weather, seafood) to have a bad effect on someone.
To make a long speech about something;
dish … out
To serve food to people.
To distribute something indiscriminately.
To discontinue using something because it is no longer required.
To get rid of something.
To deal effectively with a difficult problem or situation.
To begin to take part in an activity with enthusiasm.
divest … of
To remove oneself of whatever clothing one is wearing.
To rid oneself of an interest or investment under obligation.
To deprive someone of power, rights, etc.
do away with
To get rid of something, e.g. Kissing the hand of women should be
To kill someone, e.g. Some neighbours believe she
did away with
her husband while others believe he ran away.
To treat or deal with something in a specified way.
do ... down
To criticize someone, especially behind his or her back.
To do something to something else, e.g. what is to be
To ruin or kill someone.
To improve the quality or appearance of someone or something.
To kill someone;
do … out
To make someone feel very tired.
To cheat or do a secretly dishonest thing to someone.
To decorate or furnish a room or building in a particular way.
To attempt again at doing something, e.g. My homework is so full of mistakes that the teacher has no choice but to tell me to
To decorate a wall, room, etc.
To injure someone by beating him up.
To ransack and steal from a place.
To fasten or fix something, especially one’s clothing.
To improve an old car, building, etc. by repairing or redecorating it.
To make oneself look attractive by dressing and making up.
To need or would like to have something, e.g. I could
To connect one thing to another, e.g. When questioned by police about a robbery case, he said he had nothing to
To have to manage on one’s own without something or someone, e.g. Her husband has just passed away, so she has to
To have to tolerate someone or something, e.g. I can
all her endless grumbling.
dole … out
To distribute something such as money, food, etc. to people.
doll … up
To dress and make oneself up attractively.
To sleep somewhere which is not the usual place or one’s bed.
To do very little work.
To have a very strong affection or liking for and is clearly demonstrated by one’s actions.
To have a second use, job, or purpose.
To return the way you have come.
To share something such as a room.
To use the winnings from a bet as stake for another bet.
To bend one’s body due to excessive laughing, pain, etc.
To play another or different role in a play, etc.
To fall asleep unintentionally, e.g. Each time he listens to the same speaker, he dozes off.
To cause someone to feel upset, lose confidence or enthusiasm.
To involve someone in something with which he has nothing to do.
To get someone unwillingly involved in something such as a discussion, conversation, etc.
(Meeting, etc.) to last longer than is necessary.
To prolong a meeting, argument, etc. unnecessarily.
To raise unpleasant or embarrassing subject without regard to the feelings of the persons involved.
drag ... up
To improperly bring up a child.
dragoon … into
To force someone into doing something.
drain … off
To cause liquid in something to run off, leaving it empty or dry.
To recoil or to withdraw from doing something.
To get dark earlier in the evening and so there are fewer hours of daylight.
To get someone involved in something.
To cause someone to participate in, especially criminal, activities
draw ... off
To extract some liquid from specific holder of liquid.
To suck in smoke from a cigarette, cigar, etc.
To make use of expertise, savings, resources, etc. for a particular purpose.
(Winter, spring, etc.) to come nearer when it is drawing on.
(Days) to become longer due to the changing seasons.
To induce someone to open up by being more willing to talk.
To prolong or extend something such as an event, meeting, etc.
(Vehicle) to reach a place and stop there.
To prepare an official document such as a list of appointees, etc.
To pull one’s legs closer to the body, e.g. knees
to the chest
dream … away
To idle by thinking about something that one would like to happen.
To be used to tell someone that what they are hoping for may most likely not happen, e.g. “You think of striking the jackpot?
To imagine or mentally invent something, e.g. Who could have
those ideas of how the dinosaurs became extinct?
dredge … up
To bring out something from the distant past.
To remove whatever there are from the bottom of a river, harbour, etc.
To wear informal clothes.
dress … down
To express disapproval that something someone has done is very wrong.
To put on clothes, e.g. She always
to appear younger than her age.
To wear a special costume appropriate for a formal occasion, e.g. At every costume party he attends, he
(Relationship) to end gradually.
To doze off.
drill … into
To continuously impress something on someone’s mind to produce a lasting effect.
drink … in
To enjoy taking in all the sights and sounds.
drink to …
To wish someone success, good luck, good health, etc. before drinking alcohol.
To finish up all the rest of a drink.
The point that one is attempting to make.
drive … away
To behave in a way that forces someone to leave him/her.
To leave in a vehicle.
To cause an enemy, animals, etc. that are threatening or attacking you, to flee.
drive … out
To force someone or something to leave.
drive … up
To cause rapid rise in prices, costs, etc.
To speak at length in a boring way.
To become lower in level or amount.
To visit someone without appointment, e.g. Jack dropped in on Jill and almost couldn’t recognize her as she had not had her usual make-up on.
To doze off or begin to sleep, e.g. He dropped off while watching television.
To move someone or something to another place, e.g. He
at the Post Office.
To become lower in level, interest, amount, etc., e.g. Readership of the magazine has been
since early last year.
To abandon an activity, course, etc. before completing it, e.g.
(A term or phrase) to be no longer in use if it drops out of a language.
drum … into
To drive something into someone by constant repetition.
drum … out
To remove or expel someone from, or force someone to leave employment, office, school, etc.
To attempt to obtain support by meeting a large number of people.
To become dry or to make something dry, e.g. He rubbed his head vigorously with a towel to dry off his wet hair.
To become or make something, such as washed clothing, very dry after it has been very wet.
To succeed in dealing with alcoholism.
To deprive a place of water, e.g. The rivers and lakes completely
in areas that suffer severe drought.
(Supply) to diminish with no addition, e.g. research fund has
. To dry plates, dishes, etc. with a cloth.
duck out of
To avoid doing what you have to do or promised to do.
duff … in
To fight someone and injure them.
duff … up
To beat someone up.
To treat or criticize someone badly or harshly.
To unload all of one’s problems onto someone else.
dust … down
To remove dust from surface of one’s clothes by brushing with hands.
To clean something by brushing or wiping it with a cloth.
To use something again after a long period of disuse.
To think, speak, or write at length about something.
ease … away/off
To slacken a rope or sail slowly or gently.
ease off /up
To do something with more moderation;
(Situation) to get better.
(Vehicle) to slowly move forward into the traffic.
To deliberately try to make someone leave office.
To take it easy after working too fast or too hard.
eat … away at
To erode or destroy gradually; to worry someone constantly, e.g. the thought of contracting a serious illness is
eating away at
To reduce something over time such as money, time, etc.
To damage or destroy something gradually, e.g. rust is
the metal door.
To use resources excessively.
To finish eating all of something, e.g. Our uncle
all the donuts
, leaving us none.
edit … out
To remove harmful, objectionable, or unpleasant material in preparing a recording or broadcast.
egg … on
To encourage someone to do something foolish or risky.
eke … out
To make something last longer by using or consuming it sparingly, e.g. to eke out a living/existence.
To emit or come from a source.
To begin a new course of action.
To discharge the contents from a container, e.g. I empty out a container by holding it upside down and let all the sweets drop out.
To discharge itself of someone or people, e.g. As soon as a movie ends, the people head for the exit and soon the cinema empties out.
To intrude on someone’s rights, time, territory, possessions, etc.
To advance on more and more land, e.g. housing development encroaching on farmland.
To have a particular result, or finish in a particular way.
To come to be in a particular situation or place, e.g. We took a wrong turn and ended up in an unknown place.
endear … to
To make someone popular or liked.
endow … with
To naturally have a good feature or quality.
To give something to someone.
endue … with
To endow someone with a good quality or ability
To participate or become involved in an activity.
To speak or write about in greater detail.
To begin to be involved in something.
To impose an obligation on oneself to do something.
To begin something such as job, an activity, etc.
To make equal in number, amount, value, etc.
To make a situation or competition more equal.
To result in.
To give more details about something.
To speak or write in detail about a particular subject.
explain … away
To minimize the significance of something embarrassing by giving an excuse or justification.
To excuse or justify one’s behaviour.
eye … up
To look at someone with sexual interest.
face … down
To deal with someone in a strong and confident way.
face up to
To face fact however objectionable it is.
face … with
To provide someone with evidence of their guilt.
factor … in
To include something as a relevant element when making a decision or an estimate.
fade … in/out
To make a picture or sound appear/disappear or be heard/become quieter gradually.
To perform some useless task.
fake … out
To deceive someone.
To have a good laugh about something.
To break into pieces;
(System) to stop working or become ineffective;
To suddenly develop a lot of, especially personal, problems.
(Machine, car, etc.) to be in very bad condition.
(Noise, feeling, scenery, etc.) to recede as you move through it.
To separate from the main part.
(Soldiers) to retreat.
To make sudden backward movement caused by fright, pain, surprise, etc.
To have a source of help in a difficult situation when needed.
To slacken so that others move ahead or finish, e.g. In long distance running competitions, runners try to keep pace with the leader, but increasingly they
due to a variety of reasons.
To become less successful than someone else, e.g. Industrial disputes have caused production to
To fail to keep up with schedule for payments, e.g. I
with the payments on the car and it was repossessed, and now I move around on a bicycle.
To drop onto the ground, e.g. All the onlookers were shocked to see a monkey
from a tree.
(Plan, system, etc.) to fail to work or to become ineffective.
To feel strongly attracted to someone or something.
To be deceived by someone, e.g. The seller claims it is a magic stone that can cure all illnesses, yet there are people who
To drop within, e.g. part of the ceiling
to the sitting room.
(Soldiers) to form neat lines behind each other.
To form a line behind someone.
To belong to a part, section, etc.
To move down somewhere, e.g.
To develop a particular feeling, e.g.
despair or holiday mood.
To meet by chance and become involved with someone.
To agree or accept someone’s suggestions, decisions, etc.
To drop to the ground from a higher place, e.g. He
his horse and landed in a ditch.
To become detached or disconnected from the main body.
(Demand, prices, quality, amount) to drop or become less.
To launch a sudden or unexpected attack on someone.
To delegate a duty or responsibility to someone.
To have one’s gaze directed towards someone or something.
(Hair, tooth, etc,) to drop out, e.g. Did your tooth
or you pull it out?
To have a misunderstanding, disagreement or quarrel with someone, e.g. Jack
with his best friend as both have fallen in love with the same girl.
(Soldiers) to leave one’s place in a military formation.
(Someone) to fall onto the ground or (something) to fall from an upright position onto its side.
To not end or complete a plan, meeting, project, etc. successfully, e.g. The commercial venture
after one party decided to withdraw.
To drop through something, e.g. A meteorite
the roof of a cottage and landed on the floor in the living room.
To be entrusted with a duty or responsibility.
(Property) to revert to the ownership of someone.
To walk forwards while spreading over a wide area.
farm … out
To subcontract work to others instead of doing it yourself.
To waste time not doing very much or on trivial things.
fasten … off
To secure the end of a thread with stitches or a knot.
To quickly single out an idea, etc. as the best one and concentrate firmly on it.
To follow and stay with someone.
father … on
To assign paternity of a child to someone, or the source or originator of something to someone.
fatten … up
To become fat or fatter, or make someone or an animal fat or fatter.
favour … with
To give someone something such as a smile, salute, reply, etc.
To give an excessive display of exaggerated flattery or affection to someone.
To eat a particular food, or obtain regular nourishment from a substance; to make a feeling stronger, e.g. jealousy feeds on insecurity.
To have a sympathetic feeling towards someone.
feel … out
To ask someone’s opinions or feelings.
feel … up
To fondle someone for one’s own sexual stimulation.
feel up to
To have the strength and confidence to do something, e.g. I would like to go canoeing too, but I don’t
feel up to
fence … in/off
To enclose an area with a fence.
To make someone feel restricted.
fend … off
To defend oneself from an attack or attacker.
To avoid answering difficult questions directly, e.g. to fend off reporters’ provocative questions.
ferret … out
To search out a desired piece of information.
To confess to committing a minor wrong.
To arrive at a place unintentionally, especially because of having fallen asleep in a public vehicle.
To waste time doing unimportant things.
To keep playing around with something.
To play around with somebody else’s thing in an annoying way.
To struggle violently against an attacker, e.g. They chose to
until reinforcements arrive.
To wage a campaign against something such as unfair discrimination.
To hide one’s feelings, e.g. to
fight ... off
To defend oneself against an attack by someone or something
fight ... out
To engage in violence until the dispute is resolved.
To expect or plan for something, e.g. I didn’t
such massive traffic jam; I would have stayed at home.
To ponder over something until a solution is found or one has gained an understanding of it, e.g. He can’t
why his wife is behaving strangely.