To provide answers or
information on an official document.
To block up a hole, etc. with
To do someone else’s work for a
To write down all the required
information on an official document, e.g. Many people hate filling out forms,
but most of the time they have to do it.
To fill a place such as a
cinema, church, container, etc. with people, things, etc., e.g. As soon as
the doors are opened, the cinema quickly started to fill up.
To write down required details
on an official document, e.g. I had to fill up everything
on the form before I could submit it for approval.
To eat something in excess, e.g.
He has a strong liking for cookies and when any are available he will fill
up on them.
To keep refilling a glass, etc.,
e.g. Do you have to keep filling up my glass? I’m feeling
a bit tipsy already.
filter … out
To pass liquid or gas through a
device to remove impurities or other particles.
(Court) to make a decision
against/in favour of someone.
To discover information or a
fact about someone or something, e.g. They no longer remained friendly to
him when they found out he had been a prisoner.
fine … down
To improve something by making
it thinner, smaller, more exact, etc.
To kill someone or animal, or
decisively defeat someone in a match, etc.
To finish eating all of
To do the final thing before
breaking up or dispersing, e.g. finish off the evening by
having a drink.
To end up at a particular place
or doing one final thing.
To eat or drink all the rest of
To no longer need to use
To end a relationship with
To shoot back with gun, etc.
To respond promptly and angrily
to a question or remark.
To use a weapon to shoot.
To send something quickly, e.g.
a fax, letter.
firm … up
To make something such as an
agreement, ideas, plan, arrangements, etc. more definite and explicit.
To adapt to a group
fit … in
To find time to see someone or
fit … out
To meet the requirements of
fit … up
To make someone appear guilty of
a crime or wrongdoing by falsifying evidence against them.
To decide or settle on a
suitable person, thing, etc. for a particular purpose.
To provide someone with
something, e.g. They fix us up for a
night’s stay at their place.
fix … up
To arrange a date for someone
with a member of the opposite sex, e.g. Jack brought Jill along, hoping his
friends will find someone to fix her up with.
To improve on a place to make it
more attractive or suitable, e.g. They intend to fix up their
house to look more like a palace than a house.
To enhance one’s appearance,
e.g. She has fixed herself up gorgeously
for it’s her birthday party tonight.
To gradually end in a
flag … down
To wave or signal to a driver to
To fall asleep because of
To suddenly say something
To suddenly become angry or
flash … around
To flaunt one’s wealth in order
to gain admiration.
flesh … out
To add more details to something
in order to improve it.
To look quickly through a book,
magazine, set of photographs, etc.
fling … into
To get wholeheartedly engaged in
an activity or enterprise.
fling … off
To quickly remove something such
as a piece of clothing, cover, etc.
To dispose of unwanted things.
fling … out
To suddenly make someone leave a
place or organization.
flip … off
To rudely show your middle
finger to someone.
To suddenly become very angry or
upset or start to behave in a crazy way, e.g. Jack flipped out when
Jill called to say she couldn’t turn up for the appointment as she was very
To turn something from one side
onto the other.
To look quickly through
something such as a book, magazine, etc.
To behave as though one is
sexually attracted to someone but not in a very serious way.
To willingly risk danger, death,
etc. without worrying about it.
(Something) to be somewhere,
e.g. Everyone knows the spreadsheet file is floating around but
no one knows exactly where it is.
(Rumour, information, etc.) to
be circulated and talked about, e.g. The latest gossip about the manager’s
private affair is floating around in the office building.
flood … out
To force someone to leave their
home or to be evacuated because of floods.
To be expelled from school or
college for failing examinations.
To attack verbally or
To suddenly go into a rage or
other strong emotion.
fob … off
To satisfy someone by making
excuses to deceive them or make them receive something of low quality.
fob … off on
To make someone accept something
inferior by trickery.
foist … on/upon
To force to accept someone or
something that they do not want.
fold … in
To mix an ingredient with
another when preparing food.
To keep following someone
everywhere they go.
To continue an action after the
main task is completed in order to ensure a successful conclusion.
To continue the arm movement of
a stroke after the ball has been struck as in sport.
To conduct further investigation
or probe, e.g. The police follow up the investigation with
new information leading to the arrest of the wanted man.
To put in additional efforts to
attain a desired aim, e.g. He follows up his doctor’s
diagnosis by seeing another specialist for a second opinion.
To waste time behaving in a
silly way, e.g. He’s fooling around in the library when he
should be reading or doing some writing.
To act in an irresponsible way,
e.g. Someone must have fooled around with this telephone,
now the public can’t make calls with it.
To engage in a casual or
extramarital sexual activity, e.g. A doctor is fooling around with
one of his patients and nobody knows about it.
force … back
To refrain from displaying one’s
force … down
To forcibly swallow something
that one does not want.
force … on/upon
To impose something on someone.
force … out of
To force information out of
someone by repeated questioning or threat, etc.,
To make progressive and
To unwillingly pay money for
To spoil something or do
something wrong by making mistakes.
To become or cause someone to
become very upset, angry or irrational, e.g. She freaked out when she was
stopped by traffic policemen for speeding.
freeze … out
To deliberately exclude someone
by adopting a hostile or obstructive attitude.
To turn the surface of pool,
lake, etc. into ice.
freshen … up
To wash oneself or changing
one’s clothes to feel clean and comfortable.
To waste time doing unnecessary
or unimportant things.
To treat someone badly or
frighten … away
To make an animal or someone go
away by making them feel afraid.
frighten … off
To drive someone away by
fritter … away
To waste time, money, or effort
on something unimportant or trivial.
To act as the person or
organization serving as a cover for illegal activities.
To become covered in frost.
To disapprove of something,
especially someone’s behaviour.
To behave in a silly way or
waste time or other people’s time.
To go away.
fuck ... off
To anger or annoy someone.
fuck … over
To treat someone very badly.
fuck ... up
To make someone confused or
To make a mistake or do
To fulfil the purpose or task of
To treat someone with excessive
attention or affection.
To idle or occupy oneself
To go to different places in
search of pleasure.
To gradually get closer to a
person or thing pursued.
To proceed at great speed in
gamble … away
To lose money or other things by
gang up on
To join together into a group to
intimidate or attack someone.
gas … up
To fill petrol in a car.
gather … in
To collect things such as crop,
clothes, etc. together.
gather … up
To pick up lots of things from
To encourage someone to work
harder and quicker.
To learn a lot about something
for a specific purpose.
gen … up
To provide someone with
information about something.
get … across
To successfully convey a
message, an idea, etc. to someone.
To have achieved success in
one’s life or career, e.g. He comes from a wealthy family and getting
ahead seems easy to him.
To manage to live or survive, or
interact with people, e.g. He never seems to get along with
To be able to do something, e.g.
He is getting along fine in his new job.
get around to
To finally do something after
some time, e.g. He didn’t get around to preparing for his
exam until the last moment.
To be able to reach something.
To criticize someone repeatedly.
To succeed in leaving a place;
escape, e.g. The robbers managed to get away through the
back exit just before the police arrived.
get away with
To have not been punished or
criticized for a wrongful act, e.g. He has been shoplifting for a
considerable time, and he always gets away with it.
To take a holiday, e.g. I have
been working very hard and long hours, but still have no plan to get
away for a week or two.
To escape blame or punishment
for a wrongful act.
To return a place, e.g. I think
we can get back in time for dinner.
To have something returned to
one, e.g. I lent him my umbrella two days ago and I haven’t got it back.
To move away from danger, etc.,
e.g. The onlookers were told to get back as the firemen
battled the blaze.
To move back to the real
discussion, e.g. He was told to get back to the main point
of the discussion as his comments seemed irrelevant.
get back at
To plan to retaliate, e.g. Jill
cannot forget what Jack said about her and intends to get back at him.
To take revenge on someone, e.g.
He swears he would get back at his step-father who
ill-treated him while they were living together.
get back to
To talk to someone later, e.g.
He said he would get back to me, and after two days I’m
To have not done what one should
have done earlier, e.g. He has gotten far behind with
his work which should have been finished one week ago.
Manage to live but with
difficulty or accomplish something.
To move from higher to lower
level, e.g. I got down to the beach by walking down a
flight of steps.
To move someone or something
from a higher to lower level, e.g. Someone called a fireman to get a
cat down from a tree.
To cause unhappiness,
depression, etc. to someone, e.g. The prolonged illness of her mother is
beginning to get her down.
get down to
To start work on something.
To try to enter a place, e.g. It
was very crowded at the stadium, and those without tickets also tried
to get in.
To engage someone to do
something, e.g. We have to get the plumber in as
the tap isn’t working properly.
To enter a place, e.g. We got
into the stadium for the match as soon as we arrived there.
To put something into something
else, e.g. We tried quite unsuccessfully to get all the
things into the luggage.
To come into an adverse
situation, e.g. They had to sell off their house when they got into
To form a habit, routine, etc.,
e.g. She has gotten into the habit of biting her nails.
To escape punishment or be
acquitted, e.g. The lucky murderer got off scot-free when
the sole witness suddenly passed away.
To alight, e.g. When a train
arrives at a station and stops, a lot of people get off it.
To end a telephone conversation,
e.g. She started a lengthy telephone conversation and got off it
only after being told to do so for the third time by her angry father.
To leave one’s workplace after a
day’s work, e.g. Jill is always very punctual getting off the
workplace after the day’s work.
To have difficulty removing
something, e.g. He has already spent hours trying to get the
lid off a drum.
To send something such as a
letter, parcel, etc., e.g. The clerk has to get the parcels off by
courier service before evening.
get off on
To find something enjoyable or
be excited by something, e.g. He gets off on skydiving and
has been doing it for many years.
To continue doing something,
e.g. We had to get on with it until it’s completed because
there isn’t much time left.
To have a friendly relationship
with each other, e.g. Having known each other for only a short while we
seem to get on very well.
To make progress in one’s
activity, e.g. How are you getting on with writing the
To climb on to an animal,
bicycle, etc., e.g. They have to use a ladder to get on an
To enter a vehicle, etc. e.g. As
soon as the bus opened its door, people rushed to get on it.
To put on something such as
clothes, etc., e.g. Those shoes are sure too small for me, I can’t get them on.
To leave or escape from a place,
e.g. Visitors to the zoo rushed out for their life when they heard a
tiger get out from its enclosure.
To help someone leave or escape
from a place, e.g. Gang members helped a prisoner get out from
get out of
To have a regular break from the
same environment, e.g. Every weekend we get out of this
city for an activity in the country.
To run away from danger, etc. We
managed to get out when a fire started to burn in the
To get something from something
else, e.g. He couldn’t get any coin out of
his piggy-bank no matter how he tried.
To remove something from
something else, e.g. What should I use to get this
stubborn stain out of my shirt?
To prevent secret information
from being known, e.g. If this information gets out we
will be directly implicated.
To publish something, e.g. The
first issue should get out at the end of this month.
To escape from an unpleasant
situation, e.g. He got outof visiting his
mother-in-law with his wife by claiming falsely that he had to attend an
important office meeting.
To succeed in dealing with an
unpleasant or difficult situation, e.g. Many speakers prefer to be the
first or among the earlier ones on the list to get it over with
than to be nervous awaiting their turns.
get ... Over
To recover from something such
as an illness, a bad experience, etc. Her husband passed away one month ago
and she still hasn’t gotten over it.
To go or be asked to go to a
place, e.g. I think I’ll call and ask them to get over here
for a drinking bout.
To complete a task.
get round to
To resolve a problem; evade
something such as a restriction, etc.
To deal with a task in due
course, e.g. After we get through painting the house, we
can start on tiling the floor.
To communicate successfully with
someone, e.g. He has explained to his family again and again the need to
move house, but he just can’t get through.
To fail in trying to speak to
someone by telephone, e.g. He has tried numerous times to call his brother
overseas but he has not been able to get through.
To have undergone a bitter
To annoy or upset someone, e.g.
Now he is looking for someone to blame, but don’t let him get to you.
To arrive at a place, e.g. We
managed to get to our destination before it gets dark.
To have to do something, e.g. I
haven’t finished my homework; I’ll get to it later.
To upset or annoy someone, e.g.
The baby’s constant crying is beginning to get to its
To meet or gather for a specific
purpose, e.g. We have agreed to get together tomorrow
night to do some crazy thing like looking for ghosts.
To put things in the same place,
e.g. We are getting all the ingredients together to
make some cakes.
To rise from bed when awake,
e.g. I don’t feel like getting up in this frosty morning.
get ... up
To make someone wake up and get
out of bed, e.g. I think I’ll prepare the breakfast before I get him up.
To stand up from a sitting
position, e.g. Everyone present got up when he entered.
get up to
To be involved in something,
especially something illicit, e.g. The neighbours all along didn’t know
what he got up to until the police arrived and arrested
ginger … up
To make someone or something
full of interest or excitement.
give … away
To willingly transfer one’s
thing or things to someone, e.g. He has been giving money away
to the various charities.
To unintentionally disclose
evidence that implicates someone in a crime, e.g. He told his wife he would
work late but instead went to a party after work, and his colleague gave it away
when the wife called the office.
To hand over a bride to her
bridegroom, e.g. The bride’s father was too sad to give her
away, and asked his eldest son to do it instead.
To make a secret known, e.g. The
culprit gave himself away by feeling and
appearing very nervous when questioned by the police.
To stop fighting or arguing and
concede to their demand.
To distribute something to many
people, e.g. Campaign workers give out thousands of
leaflets about the danger and prevention of AIDS to everyone on the street.
To stop functioning properly,
e.g. As we get older increasingly more parts of our body can easily give
To have none left, e.g.
Explorers ensure their provisions, especially food and drink, do not give
out in the midst of their exploration.
To hand over for a particular
To delegate the responsibility
for someone or something to somebody else.
To stop doing something before
completing it, e.g. He gave up midway in a marathon race
because he felt exhausted.
To willingly admit defeat, e.g.
When the soldiers realized they were completely outnumbered by the enemy,
they gave up without fighting.
give ... up
To hand someone or something to
someone else, e.g. give up one’s seat in a bus to an old
lady; the missing men were given up for dead.
give up on
To shop hoping that someone or
something will change for the better, e.g. The parents have given up on their
drug addict son.
To look at or through quickly,
e.g. glance through a photo album.
To strike a surface at an angle
and bounce off in another direction.
glass … in
To cover something with glass or
build a glass structure around something.
To take great pride or pleasure
in something, such as praise, people’s attention, etc.
To prevent something from being
known by avoiding talking about them.
To make someone feel uneasy or
To begin or continue doing
something, e.g. I wish I knew how to go about starting a
To do something that you usually
To pursue someone, especially to
apprehend them, e.g. Having arrested most of the gang members, the police
are going after the leaders.
To oppose or resist something or
To have something such as a
judgement, etc. that is unfavourable to you.
To go earlier than other members
of the group; to proceed.
go along with
To agree with someone or
something, e.g. The majority of the members voted for him as they go
along with what he proposed.
(Illness, news, etc.) to pass
from person to person, e.g. There’s a rumour going around in
the workplace that the manager is keeping a secret lover.
To be enough for everyone to
have a share, e.g. There aren’t enough blankets to go around,
and some of the evacuees may suffer the cold.
To deliberately do something to
offend people, e.g. The new manager goes around telling
everyone in sight to put in more effort in their work.
To behave in an unacceptable
way, e.g. The cleaner goes around chatting loudly with
everyone in the office.
To go from place to place
looking for something, e.g. A bargain hunting housewife goes around from
store to store looking for the really cheap, discounted items on sale.
To leave a place or person, e.g.
Jack bade his friend farewell and went away leaving his
friend alone on a park bench.
To spend some time elsewhere,
e.g. We are going away for a holiday next week.
(Condition, difficulty, etc.) to
gradually disappear, e.g. She’s on mediation for her backache and the pain
is slowly going away.
To return to where you have come
from, e.g. He has to go back for his wallet which he left
His smoking habit goes
back to his early childhood.
go back on
To break a promise or an
agreement, e.g. He went back on his promise to his wife
that he would never to see his ex-lover again.
To pass near something or place,
e.g. Every day I go by his house on my way to work.
(Time) to pass away, e.g. Five
years have gone by since she passed away, and memory of
her lives on.
To strictly obey or refer to
something, or use it as a guide, e.g. Deeply religious people go by their
To have an opinion of someone or
something, e.g. To choose an employee, would an employer go by looks?
To get to a lower level e.g.
When the doorbell rang, he went downstairs to answer it.
To get down to another place,
e.g. After breakfast we went down to the pool for a swim.
To lose in a match, contest,
etc., e.g. They went down 2 -1 in the final.
To get an unfavourable reaction
or perception, e.g. His critical attitude does not go down well
with his friends and colleagues.
(Something such as computer
system, etc.) to stop working, e.g. Long queues formed in the bank as its
computer system went down.
To choose a course of action, e
g. The captain chose to go down with the ship.
To become lower, e.g. The price
of tomatoes has gone down, attracting many buyers.
To disappear from sight, e.g. We
played football until the sun had gone down.
To try to get or gain something
or get someone.
To decide on achieving
something, e.g. He intends, after completing his education, to go
for professional sports.
To have a preference, e.g.
She goes for tall men.
To enter a place such as a
building, e.g. We went in as soon as they opened the doors
of the cinema.
go in for
To attack someone physically or
To enter a contest, etc. or take
an examination, etc, e.g. She decided to go in for the
quiz show on television.
To like or do something often,
e.g. When he was young, he would go in for any kind of sea
To enter a profession, business,
e.g. I decided not to go into that commercial venture with
To expend something on doing
something, e.g. A great of time, money, and resources have gone into producing
this scientific paper.
To sort out details of
something, e.g. They have been going into the details of
the draft agreement to finalize it before the meeting.
(Gun, bomb, etc.) To fire or
explode, e.g. Someone planted a bomb in the police station but it
didn’t go off.
(Alarm) to sound, e.g. .Every
morning he can only wake up when the second alarm clock goes off.
(Machine, system, etc.) to stop
operating, e.g. Every worker leaves the building before the central
heating goes off at 8 o’clock.
To do something, e.g. to go
off to sleep.
To continue to do something,
e.g. to go on working on it;
To take place, e.g.
something goes on in that building.
To talk for a long time.
To go on with the speech after
To take medication, e.g. go
on the pill.
To leave the home for some
place, e.g. Everyone goes out except me as I have a
television program to watch.
(Tide) to ebb, e.g. Tonight we
sit at seaside to watch the tide going out to sea.
(Fire) to stop burning, e.g.
Firemen battled the forest fire for five straight days before it went
To carry on a romantic
relationship, e.g. Jack is the only one Jill goes out with,
but one cannot be sure about Jack.
To visit someone at their house,
e.g. go over to uncle’s house.
To move to another place,
e.g. go over to the kitchen for a drink.
To examine or check something,
e.g. We go over the documents and discuss their contents.
To explain something, e.g. Some
students don’t understand the passage, so the teacher goes over it.
To change religion, etc,
to go over from this religion to that one.
To be enough, e.g. not enough
chairs to go round;
To spread, e.g. a rumour goes
round that ….
To search through or examine
carefully, e.g. to go through the files.
To suffer from an ordeal, bitter
To be officially approved, e.g.
the bill has gone through parliament with majority
To look for something, e.g. have
to go through this drawer to find it.
go through with
To do something despite
opposition, danger, difficulty, etc., e.g. The government decided to go
through with its proposal to legalize prostitution despite strong
opposition from many quarters.
(Ship, etc.) To sink.
(Business) to become bankrupt.
To burn or explode, e.g.
to go up in flames.
To increase in price, quality,
etc., e.g. The increase in demand for flour has caused its price to go
To reach further up, e.g. He
has gone up the hill twice.
To move from lower to higher
level, or from south to north, e.g. We seldom go up to his
house as the weather there is so much colder.
go ... up
To confront another person, e.g.
She went straight up to him and told him
To have a romantic relationship
To accept an idea, etc., e.g. We
all have decided to go with his proposal.
To escort, e.g. mother goes
with her young daughter to the shop.
To match an item of clothing
with another, e.g. She is searching her wardrobe for a skirt to go with her
To experience lack or
deprivation, e.g. go without food for two days.
To waste time doing silly
things, e.g. He goofs around maybe to prove something, but
nobody knows what.
To idle or avoid doing any work.
gouge … out
To cut or force something out
roughly or violently.
To quickly seize something with
To immediately seize an
opportunity that is offered.
To gain money or advantages by
dishonest use of influence.
To strive to cope with a
To seize and hold firmly on to
To accept an opportunity
grass … over
To cover land with grass.
To work or study hard.
grind … down
To overwhelm someone with long
To continue for an unpleasantly
grind … out
To produce something
gross … out
To make someone feel disgusted
by something, e.g. The sight of natives eating cooked rats for a meal
really grossed them out.
To add deductions, etc. to a net
To learn the basics in order to
(Relationship) to become less
(Child’s clothes) to become big
enough to wear when the child grows into clothes.
To develop into a particular
kind of person or thing over time.
To learn successfully to do a
job or deal with a situation.
(Someone or something) to become
more attractive or interesting.
grow out of
(Child’s clothes) to become too
big to wear when the child grows out of clothes, e.g. She has grown
out of her clothes and is not sure to throw or give them away.
To develop into something bigger
or more serious.
To no longer do the thing one
does when small, e.g. He has grown out of climbing trees.
(Child) to develop to maturity
grub … up/out
To dig something out of the
To take precautions against
gulp … back
To refrain from expressing one’s
gum … up
To clog up something and prevent
it from working properly.
gun … down
To shoot someone with a gun.
gussy … up
To make someone or something
To become gradually weaker and
then stops completely.
To use or change someone’s
information on their computer system.
hail … as
To acclaim someone or something
in newspapers, magazines, etc.
To have been born in a
To instil something into someone
forcefully and repeatedly.
To laboriously work out the
details of an agreement, plan, etc.
hand … around
To distribute to all members of
hand … back
To pass back or return something
to someone, e.g. The traffic policeman handed my driving
licence back to me after inspecting it.
To leave something to a
successor or those who come after oneself, such as a son, daughter, etc.
hand … down
To pass or announce something
such as a verdict, punishment, etc.
hand … in
To give something to a person in
authority, e.g. to hand in one’s papers at the end of an
examination, or to hand in a resignation letter.
hand ... on
To pass something to another
hand ... out
To distribute something among a
group or publicly.
To pass a verdict, punishment or
penalty, etc. on someone.
To pass someone or something to
someone else for a reason, e.g. He handed his ticket over to
the ticket collector.
To spend time at a place without
a good purpose.
To loiter or wait somewhere
needlessly, e.g. They like to gather in a group and hang
around a shopping centre.
hang around with
To spend a lot of time with
To remain behind or unwilling to
move around and mix with others.
To remain persistent and
determined in difficult circumstances.
To hold tightly onto something,
e.g. She hung tightly on to the rail to
prevent herself from falling.
To continue doing something in
spite of difficulties, e.g. He has to hang on until the
next shift worker arrives to take over.
To rely on someone or something,
e.g. Does the relay race hang largely on the
ability of the last runner to run very fast?
To ask someone to wait for a
short while, e.g. Please hang on. He’ll be taking over in a
hang on to
To keep something and reluctant
to let go.
To be at some place or with some
people for some time, e.g. After he dropped out of school he can be seen
very often hanging out with a couple of friends at the
To hang something such as
clothes, etc. outside to dry them, e.g. I hung out my
shoes to dry this morning and now they have gone missing.
To cooperate and work towards
the same goal.
To put the telephone down, e.g.
We had to hang up as we had been talking for more than an
To put something up on a hook,
etc., e.g. She is always hanging up several clothes on one
To secretly harbour a strong
feeling of wanting to have something.
To find a place by chance.
To come across something or meet
someone by chance.
To experience a misfortune.
To wonder the whereabouts and
wellbeing of someone after a long time, e.g. whatever happened to my
To recall things that happened
in the past.
To talk or write continuously
and tediously on a topic.
haul … up
To officially bring someone to a
court of law to be judged.
To be wearing something, e.g. He
has on a hat imported from Mexico.
have … on
To be using something, e.g. Each
time he has the radio on it has to be extremely loud.
have … out
To have something removed, e.g.
to have the appendix out by medical operation.
To bring someone to court to
answer for an alleged offence.
To become hazy.
To return to a place where one
was before, e.g. I had to head back when I realized I had left my wallet at
To move toward one’s
destination, e.g. I am headed for Montreal and have to speed up in order to
arrive there before it gets dark.
To intercept and prevent
something from happening.
(Wound) to have new skins grown
over it and become healthy again.
To receive news from someone by
letter, telephone call, etc.
To have knowledge of something
or someone’s existence, e.g. I had never heard of Black
Hole until recently.
hear ... out
To listen to all that someone
wants to say.
To become or to make something
warm or hot, e.g. By the time I arrived home with the pizza, it had cooled
down so I had to heat it up.
(Situation) to become unstable
(Ship) to turn across the wind
in order to stop moving.
hedge … in
To be enclosed by something,
e.g. a park hedged in with trees.
To feel restricted.
To protect against possible
problems, especially financial loss.
To lean to one side as if going
to fall, e.g. ship heels over in the storm.