ฺLife of Buddha
Outline : Buddhism Page1
Page 2 : Buddhist Practices
วันจันทร์ที่ 26 มีนาคม พ.ศ. 2555
รายชื่อกิริยาวลีและคำนิยาม Phrasal Verbs & Definitions ( L-P)
6. Phrasal Verbs L-P(501-600)
loose … on/upon
To allow something dangerous and destructive to begin to affect a situation or other people.
To warm up the body, especially the muscles and joints, in preparation for a physical activity.
lop … off
To cut off, especially a branch or limb, from a tree or body.
To make a slight reduction in a price or charge.
To fail to get something, e.g. to lose out on a job, business contract, etc. which go to a rival.
To spoil, or to do something badly, or to make something worse.
To succeed due to good luck, e.g. We both bought lottery tickets and he, not me, lucked out when he discovered he hit the jackpot.
lump … together
To combine into an indiscriminate mass or group.
To feel strong sexual desire for someone or something.
To relax and consciously enjoy something.
magic … away
To use magic to make someone or something disappear.
magic … up
To make something appear suddenly and unexpectedly.
To pursue someone or something.
make away with
To steal something, e.g. The thieves
made away with
To kill someone or something.
To move towards someone or something, e.g. We
the railway station as quickly as we could.
To have a particular result or make something possible, e.g. Proper training
smooth operation of the machinery.
make ... into
To change the form or purpose of something, e.g. Jack planned to
To change someone’s character, etc., e.g. A road accident has
a careful driver.
make ... of
To express an opinion of something, e.g. We do not know what to
the ultimate consequences of climate warming.
To use opportunities to achieve an outcome, e.g. I want to
whatever money I have for my higher education.
To give someone a new job or position in a group, organization, etc., e.g. He was
To leave hurriedly.
make off with
To take something away illegally, e.g. he
made off with
my bicycle while I was not looking.
To manage with difficulty to see, etc., e.g. On that foggy night the driver could barely
what was in front of him until his car rammed into it.
make ... out
To issue payment by means of a cheque, e.g. He
in favour of one of his creditors.
To have sufficient evidence to effect a conviction, e.g. The police feel they have
a case to charge the culprit.
To have individual opinions on something or someone, e.g. The horror movie is not as scary as you
To survive a difficult situation, e.g. His wife has run away, he will
To find good reasons to prove or explain something, e.g. The police believe they have
a strong case against the accused.
make ... over
To give money or legally transfer ownership of property to someone else, e.g. His father
the whole factory to his son.
To change one’s own appearance with cosmetics, hairstyling, new clothes, etc.
To be reconciled after a quarrel, etc., e.g. They
every now and then after an angry argument or disagreement.
To make a choice, e.g. I haven’t
my mind to give up smoking or lose weight, or do both at the same time.
make ... up
To improve one’s appearance, e.g. The regular use of cosmetics has
much younger than her actual age.
To invent a story, etc. in order to deceive someone, e.g. He
a fictional happening
to escape punishment.
To add an amount that is enough for a particular purpose, e.g. I don’t have enough money to buy her a birthday present, so I borrowed to
map … out
To plan a course of action carefully.
mark … down
To write something down in order to keep a record.
To reduce the indicated price of an item.
To judge someone to be a potential leader, etc.
To reduce the marks awarded to a candidate or for their work, e.g. He was
as his work has missed the point by not understanding the main meaning of the questions.
mark ... off
To isolate an area such as a building, road, etc. by putting a rope, tape, cones, etc. around it, e.g. the murder scene has been
with police tape.
To tick off items on a list for a purpose, e.g. She has
the items that she has already bought.
To distinguish someone from others, e.g. Her ability to debate in class has
as a potential representative debater of her school.
mark ... up
To increase the profit margin, e.g. Cell phones may be
by as much as 60%.
To become a member of a family by marriage, e.g. She married into a very wealthy family.
marry … off
To look for a spouse for someone, e.g. They married her off to the first young man who came along.
To match a report, piece of information, etc. with another to see if they are the same.
match … up
To find something that is similar to or suitable for something else.
To do something with as much effort and determination as one can.
To judge someone or something by comparing them with another person or thing.
measure … off
To measure the required amount of material and cut it off a larger piece.
measure ... out
To take out a certain amount of liquid, powder, etc. from a larger quantity.
To determine whether one is good enough for a particular job, position, etc., e.g. The new manager has not
to his responsibilities.
To come and do something together, e.g. We used to
on weekend to go fishing.
To mutually agree to come face to face for a purpose.
To have a particular reaction to something, e.g. The star’s emergence from a car was
a loud cheer.
To heat metal until it becomes liquefied and reuse it, e.g. His hobbies include melting down unwanted metal objects to make souvenirs for sale.
To behave in a silly way that lacks purpose.
To cause problems for someone.
mess around with
To have an affair with someone that one should not have.
mess up/mess … up
To make something dirty or untidy, e.g. The puppies have really
the sitting room.
To interfere with something and turn it into a confused state, e.g. I’ve arranged my CDs in alphabetical order, but someone has
To handle a situation wrongly or ineffectively, or to spoil something.
To ruin one’s own personal life, e.g. She feels she has
her whole life by running up massive credit card debts.
To get involved in or interfere with something or someone.
mete … out
To dispense justice, punishment, etc. to someone.
mike … up
To equip someone with a microphone so that his voice can be made louder.
To stop something from happening or stop someone from doing something
(A lot of people) to move around a place in different directions.
To attend to the needs of someone.
To study a subsidiary subject in addition to the main one.
To fail to use an opportunity to do something enjoyable.
To fail to include someone or something, e.g. to
some punctuation marks in one’s essay.
(Eyes) to become filled with tears.
To become covered with tiny water droplets or condensed vapour, e.g. one’s glasses have
To wrongly identify someone or something as someone or something else, e.g.
mix … up
To confuse someone or something with someone or something else, e.g. The teacher often
with his twin brother.
To combine two or more things together, e.g. A good way to
thoroughly is to use an electric mixer.
To disrupt the order or arrangement of something, e.g. He unknowingly
those arranged papers which are not numbered, and now they have to sort and rearrange them.
To become confused or make someone feel confused, e.g. They really
, telling me different stories about the same person.
mock … up
To replicate or imitate something.
To behave in a silly, careless or playful way, e.g. The children
in the park and cause damage to some of the exotic plants.
To tamper with something without authority or the required skill, e.g. My kid
with my cell phone and now it can’t make any call.
To interfere with something so as to cause damage.
To move around without any apparent purpose.
To spend time in a relaxed, lazy manner.
To miss and long for someone.
mop … up
To wipe or soak up liquid with a mop, cloth, etc. from a surface.
To complete or put an end to something by dealing with the remaining parts.
To feel sad or dispirited.
To gradually increase in size or amount.
To talk in a conceited way.
To go further to the front or back of something.
To change one’s place of residence.
To start living with someone, e.g. Jill
with her boyfriend despite her parents' objection.
To start living in a place, e.g. Jack and Jill are planning to
a rural area of the country for some peace and quiet.
(Vehicle or crowd) to start to move away.
To carry on with one’s journey.
To start talking a new part of the subject under discussion or start talking a new subject.
To stop living in a place in order to live somewhere else, e.g. We are looking for a house somewhere and
of our apartment.
To shift someone or something out of a place, e.g. The villagers
higher ground in anticipation of a flood.
To shift position and so create more space for others.
To get a promotion in the place where one works.
mow … down
To kill a large group of people at one time by shooting them.
To recklessly knock someone down with a car.
To behave in a silly way without purpose.
muck around with
To spoil something by interfering with it.
To share accommodation or tasks with others in order to complete a job
muck ... out
To clean a place, especially where an animal lives, e.g. to muck a stable.
muck ... up
To spoil a plan.
To fail to achieve something.
To dirty a place or something such as one’s clothes, etc.
To engage aimlessly in an activity.
To cope satisfactorily with something despite not having the know-how.
muddle … up
To confuse two or more things with each other.
To study intensively in preparation for an examination.
mull … over
To think and consider about something at length.
To force one’s way into another’s affairs to gain control.
nail … down
To elicit a firm commitment from someone.
To decide or identify something precisely.
To reduce, e.g. In the second round, the number of finalists will be
nibble away at
To keep taking small amounts out of a large amount.
nip … off
To remove something by pinching or squeezing tightly between finger and thumb.
To begin to fall asleep.
nose … out
To discover something after a long search.
notch … up
To achieve something such as a victory, total, score, etc.
(Soldiers) to call out their number when their turn comes.
(Thought, idea, etc) to come into the mind.
(Crack, hole, etc.) to appear and become wider.
To begin shooting with a weapon, e.g. The gangsters
with small arms, but all of them were soon shot dead by the police.
(Land) to make it available for development, e.g. The developer is
a jungle area for a housing project.
(Office, shop, cinema, etc.) to begin operation, e.g. The new cinema is expected to
(Box, container, etc.) to remove or unfasten the cover, e.g. She
her jewellery box and showed us the contents.
(Door, window, etc.) to make them open, e.g. The supermarket here
at 10:00 every day.
To decide not to participate in a group, activities, etc.
To avoid performing a duty.
order … about
To use one’s power or authority to tell someone to do something.
order ... out
To deploy soldiers, police, etc. for a particular action such as crowd control, dealing with natural disaster, etc.
To admit to having done something wrong or embarrassing.
pack … away
To put something back in its box, case, container, etc.
pack … in
To cram a lot of things into a space, place, period of time, etc.
pack ... off
To send someone away.
To stop working or close early in business.
pad … out
To lengthen a speech or piece of writing with unnecessary material.
To turn over the pages of a book, magazine, etc. and read them quickly or casually.
paint … in
To make additional painting to a picture.
paint … out
To erase something with paint so that it is no longer visible.
paint … over
To cover something with new paint.
To become or form a couple.
To form a couple to work together or start a relationship.
To go around or do things together with a friend or with someone as a friend.
To form a friendship with someone.
To sell someone something by deceiving them.
To end up in a particular way.
To give or allow oneself to enjoy the desired pleasure of an immoral habit.
To long for or to do something.
parcel … out
To separate something into parts and hand them out.
To separate something into parts for sale.
parcel … up
To make something into a parcel by wrapping it.
pare … down
To make or become less, or reduce gradually.
To unwillingly hand over possession of something to someone else.
To have certain characteristic.
partition … off
To divide or separate a room, floor, etc. into parts by erecting a structure such as a light interior wall, etc.
To become or make people become partners.
To offer something to each member of a group.
To hand something over from one person to the next in a group.
To go past someone or something.
pass ... down
To hand over something such as knowledge, traditions, etc. to people who are younger, those who live after one, to the next generation, etc.
To be mistaken as someone else, e.g. with her dressing she could have
a wealthy woman.
To try to deceive someone that someone else or something is much better, e.g. trying to
these fake watches
To give something such as information, message, disease, etc. to someone else.
To make consumers bear higher costs.
To select someone instead of the expected person for a promotion, etc.
To fail to make use of something such as an opportunity, etc.
patch … together
To make something hastily from different components.
patch … up
To restore friendly relations after a quarrel or dispute.
To repair damage to something.
To treat someone’s injuries.
pay … back
To settle one’s debt with someone, e.g. He is always slow in
the money he owes.
To pay back with something bad, e.g. Jack swore he would
for what she did to him.
To give someone money in exchange for something, e.g. He
his new car in cash.
pay ... for
To suffer the consequences of one’s actions or be punished for them, e.g. He’ll
habitually drinking excessively someday.
To put money in one’s bank account.
To settle the outstanding balance for something, e.g.
the balance owing for purchase of a car.
To produce good results.
To give someone money to keep quiet about something such as an illegal act.
To dismiss someone with a final payment.
To hand over money, especially a large sum, for something such as compensation, etc.
To settle or be forced to settle one’s debts, e.g. I have already received their third legal letter demanding that I pay up.
To eat food slowly due to lack of hunger.
To remove a thin outer layer of something.
To take one’s clothes off.
To leave a moving group such as a convoy, etc. by changing direction.
To work hard over a long period.
To use pegs to fix wet clothes to a washing line to dry.
To mark a piece of ground with wooden sticks.
pen … up/in
To keep an animal or animals in an enclosed area or confine someone in a restricted space.
pencil … in
To temporarily compile a list of something that is subject to change later.
pension … off
To terminate someone’s employment, usually because they are officially considered too old to continue working, and pay them a pension.
To dispose of something that is not useful any more or outdated.
pep … up
To make someone or something more active, energetic or exciting.
To make or become more cheerful or lively.
To be directly related or applicable to something.
To diminish or come to an end gradually.
phase … in
To introduce something such as a law, rule, etc. in gradual stages.
phase ... out
To gradually withdraw something from use.
To telephone someone or a place such as one’s workplace, a radio or television station, police station, etc.
To criticize someone in a petty way.
To pull something slightly and repeatedly with one’s fingers.
To eat something taking small bites due to lack of appetite.
pick ... off
To shoot people or animals one by one from a distance.
To repeatedly single out someone for unfair criticism or treatment, e.g. It does appear my teacher’s hobby is
pick ... out
To choose someone or something from a group, e.g. Despite the vast array of dresses on sale, she couldn’t
any one she liked.
To examine a number of items and carefully choose some.
To look carefully through a number of items and select one.
To take something from a surface or floor, e.g. to
something one has dropped.
To go somewhere and fetch someone; e.g. I’m now on my way to
my child from school.
To find something by accident, e.g. to
a purse, dropped by someone, from a pavement.
To learn a skill while working, e.g.
the skill of baking while working at the bakery.
To collect something from somewhere, e.g. Remind me to
my clothes from the laundry on our way home.
To go and buy something, e.g. I just remember I’ve to
a magazine at the newsagent.
To acquire a skill, manner, etc., e.g. Since when have you
the disgusting habit of picking your nose?
To make an arrest, e.g. He was
by the police for attempting to make an illegal entry into a building.
To pay for something, e.g. His girlfriend’s father
the tab for the sumptuous dinner.
To improve something, e.g. With an improvement in the economy, sale of consumer goods is expected to
To try to get someone of the opposite sex, e.g. Jack attended the party hoping to
a girl, but ended with none.
To spend time doing unnecessary thing.
piece … together
To assemble all the facts or information about a situation in order to form a suitable conclusion.
To eat a large amount of food greedily.
To get into a place, vehicle, etc. in a disorganized manner.
To exaggerate something
To leave a place, vehicle, etc. in a disorderly manner.
To make or become increasingly larger in quantity or amount.
pin … down
To make someone specific about their aim or plan.
To miss and long for someone or something.
To say something suddenly, especially after having been quiet all along.
To spend time doing things aimlessly.
piss … away
To waste something very stupidly.
To tell someone to go away.
piss … off
To annoy someone very much, e.g. He really pisses me off when he blows that flute out of tune for hours on end.
pit … away
To set something or someone in competition with something or someone else.
pit … out
To sweat profusely.
To work enthusiastically within a group
To attack someone physically or verbally.
To arrive at a particular place.