KINDS OF NOUNS: ชนิดของคำนาม
§ Common Nouns สามนยนาม – are names of people (e.g. man), things (e.g. books),animals (e.g. monkey) and places (church).
§ Proper Nouns วิสามานยนาม – are special names of people (e.g. George Bush), things (e.g. Financial Times), animals (e.g. King Kong) and places (e.g. Paris). A proper noun begins with a Capital Letter.
§ Abstract Nouns นามธรรมนาม – An abstract noun is the name of something that we can only think of or feel but cannot see (e.g. friendship).
§ Collective Nouns สมุหนาม – are names used for a number of people,
things or animals together and treated as one. For example: a group of friends, a bunch of bananas, a litter of puppies.
§ Countable and Uncountable Nounsนามนับได้และนามนับไม่ได้ – Countable nouns are nouns which can be counted (e.g. trees). Uncountable nouns are nouns which cannot be counted. (e.g. smoke).
Countable and Uncountable Nouns are used with the following: ใช้ดังนี้
COUNTABLE NOUN นับได้
UNCOUNTABLE NOUN นับไม่ได้
a, an, a few, several, many,
a little, much, some, plenty of,
some, plenty of, a lot of,
a lot of, a large amount of,
a large number of
a great deal of
Nouns have four genders:
1. Masculine Gender เพศชาย – The masculine gender is used for all males. Example: boy, man
2. Feminine Genderเพศหญิง – The feminine gender is used for all females. Example: girl, woman
3. Common Genderเพศ ทั่วไป – The common gender is used where the noun can be both male and female. Example: cousin, friend, person, child, student
4. Neuter Genderไม่มีเพศ – The neuter gender is used for things which have no life or sex. Example: table, chair.
Singular and Plural Nouns – A noun that shows only one person (e.g. a girl), thing (e.g. pencil), animal (e.g. tiger) or place (e.g. market) is called a singular noun).
A noun that shows more than one person (e.g. girls), thing (e.g. pencils), animal (e.g. tigers) or place (e.g. markets) is called a plural noun.
How plural nouns are formed.
By adding ‘es’ to nouns ending in –ch, –s, –sh and –x.
By adding ‘es’ to nouns ending in –o.
By adding ‘s’ to nouns ending in –o.
By replacing ‘y’ with –ies.
By adding ‘s’ to nouns ending in –y.
By replaying ‘f’ or ‘fe’ with –ves.
By adding ‘s’ to nouns ending in –f or –fe.
By changing vowels.
Some nouns have same words for plural and singular.
Nouns can be formed from nouns, verbs and adjectives. They are formed by adding certain letters to them.